When Paris was attacked by the Islamic State (IS) in November 2015, many people were quick to suggest that Indonesia was the next target. And on January 14, 2016, just a little more than a week after the Paris attacks, IS claimed responsibility for a series of suicide bombings and gun attacks in Jakarta that killed eight people and injured dozens more.
So why did IS target Jakarta and not Paris? There are a few reasons.
First, Indonesia is the most populous Muslim-majority country in the world, and so it is a natural target for IS. Second, Indonesia has a history of sectarian violence between Sunni and Shia Muslims, and IS wants to stoke those tensions. And third, Indonesia has been struggling with an Islamist insurgency for years, and IS wants to take advantage of that instability.
So while Paris may have been a more high-profile target, Jakarta was actually a more logical target for IS.
How was ISIS created?
According to the Brookings Institution, the origins of ISIS can be traced back to the early 2000s, when Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, a Jordanian national, established an al-Qaeda affiliated terrorist group in Iraq. The group, which became known as Tanzim Qaidat al-Jihad fi Bilad al-Rafidayn, or al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI), was responsible for numerous bombings and other attacks against Iraqi civilians and security forces.
In 2004, Zarqawi pledged allegiance to Osama bin Laden and renamed his group al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI). In 2006, AQI merged with several other Sunni insurgent groups to form the Islamic State of Iraq (ISI). The following year, the ISI declared the establishment of an Islamic caliphate in Iraq and began to expand its operations into Syria.
In 2013, the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) was formed following a merger between the Islamic State of Iraq (ISI) and the Syrian al-Qaeda affiliate Jabhat al-Nusra. The new group was led by Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, who declared himself the caliph of the Islamic State.
Since its formation, ISIS has been responsible for numerous terrorist attacks and civilian casualties in Iraq, Syria, and other countries. The group has also been widely condemned for its human rights abuses, including mass executions, torture, and enslavement of women and children.
How did ISIS rise to power?
In the early years of the Syrian Civil War, ISIS was one of many rebel groups fighting to overthrow Bashar al-Assad’s government. However, they soon distinguished themselves from the other groups with their extreme brutality and radical ideology.
In 2014, ISIS launched a successful military campaign that resulted in the capture of large areas of Syria and Iraq. This rapid expansion was made possible by the group’s well-funded and well-equipped military, as well as their effective use of social media to recruit fighters and spread their message.
ISIS’s success in capturing territory and recruiting fighters has made them one of the most powerful and feared terrorist organisations in the world.
What’s the difference between ISIS and Al Qaeda?
There are a few key differences between ISIS and Al Qaeda.
First, Al Qaeda is a global terrorist organization, while ISIS is a caliphate. Al Qaeda is made up of many different terrorist cells around the world, while ISIS is a self-proclaimed government with a specific territory.
Second, Al Qaeda is primarily interested in attacking the West, while ISIS is more interested in consolidating power in the Middle East.
Third, Al Qaeda is a Sunni organization, while ISIS is a Shia organization. This has led to conflict between the two groups, as they have different goals and interests.
What is Al Qaeda’s goal?
What is Al Qaeda’s goal?
Al Qaeda is a terrorist organization whose goal is to promote an extreme form of Islam and to overthrow regimes it considers to be un-Islamic. It has been involved in terrorist attacks around the world, including the September 11 attacks on the United States.
Al Qaeda was founded in the late 1980s by Osama bin Laden, a Saudi millionaire who had fought against the Soviet Union in Afghanistan. Bin Laden was outraged by the presence of American troops in Saudi Arabia during the 1990-1991 Gulf War. He believed that the United States was a Christian country intent on dominating the Muslim world.
Al Qaeda’s goal is to create a fundamentalist Islamic state that would rule the entire Muslim world. It also opposes any form of Western influence in the Muslim world.
Who is Isis God?
Isis is an ancient goddess who was worshipped in many different forms by many different cultures. She has been associated with many different aspects of life, such as love, motherhood, magic, and nature.
Isis was originally worshipped as the wife of Osiris, the god of the dead. After Osiris was killed by his brother Horus, Isis went on a quest to find his body and resurrect him. She was successful, and the two of them became the king and queen of the underworld.
Isis has also been associated with the moon, and has been depicted as a woman with a crescent moon on her head. In some cultures, she was also associated with water and the sea.
Isis is often considered to be the most powerful goddess in the pantheon of ancient Egyptian gods and goddesses. She was worshipped for her many magical abilities, such as the ability to heal the sick and to grant wishes. She was also believed to be able to protect people from danger and to help them find their way in the world.
Today, Isis is still worshipped by many people around the world. She is considered to be a symbol of motherhood, love, and magic.
Who creates ISIS?
Who creates ISIS? The simple answer is, no one really knows for sure. However, there are a number of theories about who may be behind the terrorist group.
Some believe that ISIS is a puppet group created and funded by Saudi Arabia and Qatar in order to further their own interests in the region. Others claim that ISIS is a tool of the United States, created in order to destabilize the Middle East and provide a pretext for military intervention.
Still others believe that ISIS is a grassroots movement, born out of the frustration and anger of the people in the region. However, it is clear that whoever is behind ISIS, they have a sophisticated and well-funded operation.
The origins of ISIS are still a mystery, and there is no one definitive answer. However, the theories above are all plausible explanations for how this terrorist group came to be.
What is ISIS greatest weakness?
Since its inception, the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) has been a formidable military force, taking over large swaths of territory in both countries and declaring itself a caliphate. However, the group has also exhibited significant weaknesses, which could be exploited to defeat it.
Perhaps the most significant weakness of ISIS is its lack of popular support. The group’s harsh interpretation of Islam and its brutal tactics have alienated many Iraqis and Syrians, who have turned against it. This was evident in the successful resistance to ISIS in Mosul and Raqqa, two of the group’s most important strongholds.
ISIS is also vulnerable to attack from other militant groups. In Iraq, the group has been in conflict with the Kurdish peshmerga forces, and in Syria, it has been opposed by rebel groups. These groups have been able to inflict significant damage on ISIS, and they could play a significant role in defeating the group.
Finally, ISIS is vulnerable to attack from the air. The U.S.-led coalition has carried out a number of airstrikes against the group, and these could be increased to further weaken it.
Thus, ISIS has a number of significant weaknesses that could be exploited to defeat it.