Today, the capital of Indonesia is called Jakarta. But, what was the name of Jakarta when Krakatoa rupted?
In 1883, the Krakatoa volcano on the island of Sumatra erupted, resulting in one of the deadliest volcanic eruptions in history. The explosion was so loud that it could be heard up to 3,000 miles away. The eruption also created a tsunami that killed over 36,000 people.
The capital of Indonesia at the time was called Batavia. The name was later changed to Jakarta in 1949.
What was Jakarta originally called?
Jakarta was originally called Jayakarta. It was founded by Fatahillah, a Muslim military general from Demak, in 1527. Jayakarta was the capital of the Sunda Kingdom, which ruled much of western Java. The kingdom was eventually conquered by the Sultanate of Banten, which was ruled by the Dutch. The Dutch renamed Jayakarta to Batavia in 1619. Batavia was the first European settlement in Indonesia and served as the capital of the Dutch East Indies. The city was destroyed by a volcanic eruption in 1740 and was rebuilt by the Dutch. The name Jakarta was eventually adopted in 1788.
What is the name of Jakarta in 1900?
The name of Jakarta in 1900 was Batavia.
What was the name of Indonesia before 1949?
The name of Indonesia before 1949 was the Dutch East Indies. The Dutch East Indies was a colony of the Netherlands that was established in the early seventeenth century. The Dutch East Indies was made up of a number of islands, the most important of which were Java and Sumatra. The Dutch East Indies was ruled by the Dutch for centuries, but it eventually became independent in 1949. After independence, the name of the country was changed to Indonesia.
What is the old name of Indonesia?
The Republic of Indonesia is a country located in Southeast Asia. It is made up of more than 17,000 islands and is the largest country in the world by population with over 260 million people. The country’s official name is the Republic of Indonesia, but it also has a number of other names throughout its history.
The first name for the region now known as Indonesia was the Hindu kingdom of Majapahit. The Majapahit Empire was founded in the late 13th century and covered much of Southeast Asia. The Majapahit Empire reached its peak in the late 15th century, but began to decline in the 16th century. In the early 17th century, the Dutch East India Company began to establish colonial rule over parts of Indonesia. The company was the first European colonial power in the region and was eventually replaced by the Dutch Republic.
In the 19th century, the Dutch colonial empire in Indonesia began to decline. In the early 20th century, the Japanese Empire began to establish control over the region. After World War II, Indonesia gained its independence from the Japanese Empire. In 1945, the country’s first president, Sukarno, was elected. Sukarno would go on to rule Indonesia for over two decades.
In 1965, Sukarno was overthrown by a military coup and replaced by Suharto. Suharto would rule Indonesia for over three decades. In 1998, Suharto was overthrown by a popular uprising and replaced by his deputy, B.J. Habibie. In 1999, Indonesia held its first democratic elections and elected Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono as president. Yudhoyono was re-elected in 2014.
The official name of the country is the Republic of Indonesia. However, the country has also been known by a number of other names throughout its history. These include the Hindu kingdom of Majapahit, the Dutch East India Company, the Dutch Republic, the Japanese Empire, and Suharto’s Indonesia.
How did Jakarta get its name?
Jakarta, Indonesia’s capital city, is located on the northwest coast of Java. The city is the country’s economic, political, and cultural center. Jakarta’s official name is the Special Capital Region of Jakarta.
The origins of Jakarta’s name are somewhat mysterious. The most popular story is that the city was named after the Jayakarta kingdom, which was founded in the late 1300s. The kingdom was eventually conquered by the Dutch, who later made Jakarta their capital.
Another story suggests that the city was named after the Indian city of Jaipur. In this version, the city was founded by a Hindu prince who named it after his hometown.
Interestingly, neither of these stories is actually supported by historical evidence. The most likely explanation is that Jakarta was named after the Jayakarta kingdom, but the name was eventually corrupted over time.
Did Jakarta change its name?
On August 7, 2017, the Governor of Jakarta announced that the city would be renamed “Kota Baru” (New City). The name change proposal was met with criticism, with many arguing that it was unnecessary and that the name Jakarta was Indonesian and should not be changed.
The proposal to rename Jakarta was first made by then-Governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama (Ahok) in early 2017. At the time, Ahok argued that the name Jakarta was Dutch and that the city should be renamed to reflect its status as the capital of Indonesia.
The proposal was met with criticism, with many arguing that the name Jakarta was Indonesian and should not be changed. Others argued that the name change was unnecessary and that the city was doing well under its current name.
In August 2017, the proposal was approved by the Jakarta City Council and the name change was announced by the Governor of Jakarta, Anies Baswedan. The new name, “Kota Baru” (New City), will be effective in October 2017.
What was Canada’s original name?
What was Canada’s original name?
Canada was originally known as “New France.” This was because the first French settlers arrived in the area in the early 1600s. The name “Canada” didn’t come into use until the mid-1800s.