On 17 October 1957, an attempted military coup took place in Jakarta, Indonesia. The coup was led by Lieutenant Colonel Untung, a member of the Indonesian Army who was part of the Presidential Guard. The coup was unsuccessful, and resulted in the deaths of six army officers, including Lieutenant Colonel Untung.
The attempted coup began at around 5am on the morning of 17 October, when a group of soldiers led by Lieutenant Colonel Untung entered the Presidential Palace in Jakarta. The soldiers took the President, Sukarno, and his wife into custody, and announced that a military coup was taking place.
The coup was not well-planned, and it soon went wrong. The soldiers were not able to take control of the government, and the army quickly began to fight back. By the end of the day, six army officers had been killed, including Lieutenant Colonel Untung.
The attempted coup was a failure, and it resulted in a crackdown on the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI). The PKI had been suspected of being involved in the coup, and as a result, the party was banned and many of its members were arrested.
What happen in Indonesia in 1958?
On October 1, 1958, the Republic of Indonesia was proclaimed. This event marked the culmination of a long and bloody struggle for independence from the Dutch.
The struggle for Indonesian independence began in the late 19th century, when various nationalist groups began to form in response to Dutch colonial rule. The most important of these groups was the Indonesian Nationalist Party (PNI), founded in 1912.
The Dutch responded to the growing nationalist movement by instituting a series of repressive measures, including the arrest and execution of nationalist leaders. The most famous of these was the execution of Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta, the co-founders of the Indonesian Republic, in 1946.
The Dutch finally withdrew from Indonesia in 1949, following pressure from the United States. This left the country in a state of chaos, as various factions fought for control of the government.
The situation was finally resolved in 1950, when Sukarno was elected president and the country was declared a republic. Sukarno ruled Indonesia with an iron hand, instituting a series of authoritarian measures.
In 1958, Sukarno embarked on a radical new policy known as Guided Democracy. This policy called for the government to take a more active role in the economy and society.
In response to this policy, the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) began to gain power, culminating in a failed coup attempt in 1965. This led to a bloody purge of communists and leftist sympathizers, in which hundreds of thousands were killed.
Sukarno was overthrown in 1967, and replaced by Suharto, who ruled Indonesia with an iron fist for the next three decades.
What was the name of Indonesia before 1949?
The name of modern-day Indonesia was not always Indonesia. Between the 1500s and the early 1900s, the region was known as the Dutch East Indies. The East Indies were a collection of Indonesian and East Malaysian islands that were colonized by the Dutch. In 1949, the East Indies became the Republic of Indonesia. The name change was a result of the Indonesian National Revolution, during which the Dutch were forced to relinquish their control of the region.
When did the Dutch leave Jakarta?
The Dutch East Indies or Dutch Indonesia was a colony of the Netherlands that was located in Southeast Asia. The colony was established in 1602 and lasted until Indonesian independence in 1945. The capital of the colony was located in Jakarta, which was known as Batavia at the time.
The Dutch left Jakarta in 1949, following the Indonesian National Revolution. The Dutch were forced to leave by the Indonesian government, which had gained independence in 1945. The Dutch had been reluctant to leave, and had attempted to hold on to their colony for as long as possible. However, they were eventually forced to leave due to the overwhelming opposition from the Indonesian people.
The Dutch left Jakarta in a somewhat chaotic manner, and there was some violence and looting as they departed. However, the overall transition was relatively peaceful and most of the Dutch population eventually settled in the Netherlands.
The departure of the Dutch from Jakarta was a significant event in the history of Indonesia and marked the end of the Dutch colonial period. It was also a major milestone in the Indonesian struggle for independence, which eventually led to the formation of the modern Indonesian state.
What is the old name of Indonesia?
The old name of Indonesia was the Dutch East Indies. The country was known as the Dutch East Indies from the early 17th century until the Japanese occupation in World War II. The Dutch East Indies was located in Southeast Asia and consisted of the modern-day Indonesian archipelago, as well as the Malaysian portion of the island of Borneo.
What was the uprising of 1965 called in Indonesia?
The Indonesian uprising of 1965 was a bloody military coup attempt against the government of Sukarno. The failed coup resulted in the deaths of hundreds of thousands of Indonesians, and the imprisonment of hundreds of thousands more.
The attempted coup began on the night of September 30, 1965, when a group of rebel soldiers led by Lieutenant Colonel Untung attempted to overthrow the government. The rebels seized control of the national radio station, and announced that the government had been overthrown and that Sukarno was being held prisoner.
The rebels were quickly countered by government forces, and the uprising was put down within a few days. The extent of the violence and bloodshed was unprecedented, and it is estimated that between 500,000 and 1 million Indonesians were killed in the fighting.
The uprising of 1965 was a turning point in Indonesian history, and it marked the beginning of the end for Sukarno’s government. In 1967, Suharto replaced Sukarno as president, and he would rule Indonesia with an iron fist for the next three decades.
When was the Indonesian genocide?
The Indonesian genocide took place from 1975 to 1978. It was a systematic campaign of mass murder conducted by the Indonesian military and paramilitary groups. The goal of the genocide was to exterminate the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) and its supporters. Estimates of the number of people killed range from 500,000 to 1 million.
Is Indonesia a poor or rich country?
Is Indonesia a poor or rich country? This is a question that many people ask, and there is no easy answer. Indonesia is a large country with a population of more than 250 million people, and it is home to a wide range of economic conditions. Some areas of the country are very poor, while others are quite wealthy.
Generally speaking, Indonesia is a poor country. The country’s GDP per capita is only $3,500, which is well below the global average. In addition, more than 40 percent of the population lives in poverty. However, there are some areas of the country that are quite wealthy. The island of Java, which is home to more than half of the country’s population, is home to many large cities with high levels of development. The GDP per capita on Java is more than $10,000.
So, is Indonesia a poor or rich country? It depends on where you look. The country as a whole is poor, but there are some wealthy areas.