What Kind Of Political System Does Indonesia Have
Indonesia is a federal republic with a presidential system. The president is both the head of state and the head of government. The president is elected for a five-year term, and can serve a maximum of two terms. The legislature is a bicameral parliament, consisting of the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House of Representatives has 550 members, elected for five-year terms. The Senate has 112 members, elected for six-year terms. There are 34 provinces, each of which has its own legislature.
What political system does Indonesia use?
What political system does Indonesia use?
Indonesia is a republic with a presidential system. The president is the head of state and the head of government. The president is elected by direct vote for a five-year term. The president may serve a maximum of two terms. The president appoints a cabinet, subject to parliamentary approval. The unicameral People’s Consultative Assembly (Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat, MPR) is the highest legislative body. It is made up of members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms. The MPR has the power to impeach the president. The judiciary is independent.
The first free and open elections in Indonesia were held in 1999. The following year, Abdurrahman Wahid was elected president in a free and fair election. In 2004, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono was elected president in a free and fair election. Indonesia has made significant progress in consolidating its democracy, but there are still some areas of concern, including human rights violations and the slow pace of economic reform.
Is Indonesia a republic or monarchy?
Since 1945, Indonesia has been a unitary state with a presidential system. The president is both the head of state and the head of government. Indonesia has been a republic since 1945, although there have been some moves to establish a monarchy.
The first president of Indonesia was Sukarno. He was in office from 1945 to 1967. He was followed by Suharto, who was in office from 1967 to 1998. Since 1998, Indonesia has been a democracy, and the president is elected by the people.
There have been some moves to establish a monarchy in Indonesia. In 2001, a group of people tried to establish the Kingdom of Indonesia. However, this did not succeed. In 2009, another group of people tried to establish the Kingdom of Indonesia, but this also did not succeed.
There are some people in Indonesia who support establishing a monarchy. However, the majority of Indonesians support the republican system.
Is Indonesia a parliamentary or presidential system?
Is Indonesia a parliamentary or presidential system? This is a question that has been debated for many years, and there is no clear answer. Indonesia is a unique country with a complicated political system, and it is difficult to say definitively which type of system it has.
It is generally accepted that Indonesia has a presidential system. The president is the head of state and the head of government, and he wields considerable power. However, the parliament also has a lot of power, and it can be difficult to distinguish between the two branches of government.
One of the main arguments in favor of parliamentary system is that the president is elected by the people, while the prime minister is appointed by the president. This gives the people a direct say in who is the head of government. However, the president can also be impeached by the parliament, which is a power that is not available to the prime minister in a parliamentary system.
Indonesia has had a number of different presidents over the years, and it is still difficult to say which type of system it has. The country is in the process of transitioning from a presidential system to a parliamentary system, and it is still unclear which system will eventually be adopted.
Was Indonesia a communist country?
In the early 1950s, Indonesia was considered a communist country. This is because the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) was very powerful and had a lot of influence over the government. However, in 1965, the PKI was overthrown in a military coup and Indonesia became a capitalist country.
The PKI was founded in 1920 and it quickly became one of the largest communist parties in the world. In 1945, when Indonesia became independent, the PKI was the largest political party in the country. It had a lot of support from the working class and the peasantry, and it was able to win a lot of elections.
In 1951, the PKI formed a government with the help of the Indonesian Nationalist Party (PNI). However, this government only lasted for a year. In 1957, the PKI made an alliance with the Indonesian Muslim Party (PKI), but this alliance also failed.
In 1965, a group of military officers led a coup against the PKI and overthrew the government. This event is known as the Indonesian Revolution of 1965. The new government was a capitalist one and it did not tolerate communism. The PKI was banned and its members were persecuted. Many of them were killed or arrested.
The Indonesian Revolution of 1965 was a watershed moment in Indonesian history. It ended the country’s experiment with communism and ushered in a new era of capitalist development.
Is Indonesia a free country?
Since the end of the Suharto dictatorship in 1998, Indonesia has been considered a democracy. However, there are still some restrictions on freedom of speech and freedom of assembly in the country.
The Indonesian Constitution guarantees freedom of speech and freedom of assembly, but these rights are often restricted in practice. For example, the authorities often use draconian laws such as the blasphemy law and the Electronic Information and Transaction Law to restrict free speech.
In addition, the government has been cracking down on freedom of assembly in recent years. For example, the authorities have used the law on mass organizations to shut down organizations that are critical of the government.
Despite these restrictions, Indonesia is still considered a free country. The people of Indonesia are able to express their opinions freely and there is a thriving civil society in the country.
What countries use parliamentary?
What countries use parliamentary government?
Parliamentary government is a system of government in which the executive branch derives its power from and is accountable to the legislature. In a parliamentary system, the head of government is typically a member of the legislature, and is appointed by the majority party or coalition.
There are a number of countries around the world that use parliamentary government. The United Kingdom, Canada, India, and Australia are all countries that have a parliamentary system of government.
In a parliamentary system, the head of government is typically a member of the legislature, and is appointed by the majority party or coalition. The head of government is responsible for appointing a cabinet of ministers, who are also members of the legislature.
The executive branch is accountable to the legislature in a parliamentary system. This means that the cabinet must answer questions from the members of the legislature, and can be removed from office by a vote of no confidence.
In a parliamentary system, the legislature is divided into two houses: the lower house, known as the House of Commons, and the upper house, known as the House of Lords. The House of Commons is typically more powerful than the House of Lords, and is responsible for electing the prime minister and passing legislation.
Parliamentary systems are often seen as more democratic than presidential systems, because the legislature is more directly accountable to the people. Parliamentary systems also tend to be more stable than presidential systems, because the prime minister is typically the leader of the majority party or coalition and can be replaced without having to call new elections.
Is communism still banned in Indonesia?
Since the early 1960s, communism has been banned in Indonesia. This ban was enacted by the then-president, Sukarno, in response to a coup attempt by the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI).
The ban on communism was initially quite strict, with anyone found to be affiliated with the PKI facing imprisonment or execution. Over time, however, the ban has been relaxed somewhat, and there is now a small community of communists in Indonesia.
Despite the ban, communism has continued to be a presence in Indonesian politics. In the late 1990s, the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) re-emerged as a political force, and it has been a major player in Indonesian politics ever since.
The current president, Joko Widodo, is a member of the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P), which is a secular, social democratic party. However, there are also a number of left-wing parties in Indonesia, including the PKI and the National Liberation Party of Indonesia (PAS).
So, is communism still banned in Indonesia? The answer is yes, but there is a small community of communists in the country. Communism remains a major player in Indonesian politics, and the president, Joko Widodo, is a member of a secular, social democratic party.